Before a child masters how to walk or even talk, he starts with learning the basics. That’s how things work in every sphere of life including growing healthy plants in your garden. The most important things about having healthy plants in your garden revolve around garden maintenance practices such as watering, fertilizing, and weeding. Of course there are other tasks that need to be done regularly to ensure you have bright flowers in your garden. Here’s some of the most important things you should know about garden maintenance.
Preparation cuts across nearly everything we do. Whether you’re planning to leave for work tomorrow or have a meeting with your boss, you always have to take time and prepare. Even before you start thinking about the right time to plant seeds in your garden you must have the soil ready. It’s recommended to prepare the soil a few weeks before planting. Note that this is the most important part of garden maintenance since it determines how the plants are going to grow.
- Turning the soil
Once your garden soil is ready, go ahead a turn the soil using either a hand plow or a rototiller. This allows for aeration and also delivers air to the beneficial microbes in the soil. Turn the soil when it’s at a moist consistency.
- Amend the Soil with Compost or manure
Well, you just turned the soil and delivered air to the microbes. It’s now time to deliver food to them and also add some important nutrients into the soil. You may consider using manure or compost or even fertilizer.
The fertilizing you did when preparing the soil is different from the one you do during the growing season. Always follow the guidelines given on the fertilizer package so as to avoid under-fertilizing or over-fertilizing. Most homeowners prefer all-purpose fertilizers over plant-specific fertilizers. Gardening experts recommend adding fertilizer periodically throughout the growing season. However, this should be done in light applications.
You may also apply compose during the growing season since it helps in maintaining a fertile garden. However, it’s recommended to apply it thickly when preparing the soil before starting to apply it periodically as the plants grow.
A showering nozzle and a moisture meter are two important tools that can help you during watering. Always maintain the cake-like consistency whenever you’re watering your garden. Over-watering can result in diseases or even attract some pests. Your garden soil and plants needs enough water for proper growth. Don’t underwater or overwater. A good practice would be watering your garden gently as you take two or three laps around it.
Mulching and Weeding
Start by choosing the right mulch for your garden. We both know that mulch contributes to the aesthetics and beauty of your home. It’s also important to note that it helps in suppressing weeds, regulating soil temperature and improving moisture retention. Consider mulching your garden about four weeks after planting.
Well, the fact that mulch suppresses weeds doesn’t mean you should watch out for these unwanted plants. Weeding is necessary throughout the growing season. It allows the plants to grow healthy while also aerating the soil.